Poplar Hill First Nation is approximately 120 km north of Red Lake and is accessible by air and winter road. It has an on reserve population of 378 (INAC, 2000) with an off reserve population of 29. 
Poplar Hill First Nation is within the boundaries of the territory described by the Winnipeg Treaty of 1875 --- Treaty No. 5. Poplar Hill First Nation  achieved full Band and reserve status in 1978 when it separated from the Pikangikum Band. The community maintains strong ties with Pikangikum and Little Grand Rapids in Manitoba.